The goal of this pilot RCT is to investigate the acceptability and feasibility of an unguided culturally adapted self-help app for grieving Syrian refugees in Switzerland. Furthermore, the study will examine whether using the app has an effect on secondary outcomes (e.g., grief symptoms).The main questions it aims to answer are:
Is the self-help app culturally acceptable and feasible in this target group and what do we need to adapt?
Does the use of the self-help app reduce grief symptoms? (amongst other secondary outcomes)
Participants will be asked to:
Complete a baseline assessment
then use the self-help app for 5 weeks
Complete a second assessment and participate in a short semi-structured interview regarding acceptability and feasibility.
Researchers will compare an intervention group to a wait-list control group to see if the use of the self-help app has an effect on secondary outcomes.
Zürich 8050, Switzerland
Syrian refugees living in Switzerland
Min. 18 years old
Able to give informed consent as documented by signature
Can read and understand, as well as write Arabic
Possess a smartphone with access to the internet
Have experienced the loss of a loved one due to death at least 3 months ago
Severity score of at least 3 in at least one item of the IPGDS
Acute suicidality measured by self-report
Lack of knowledge of Arabic language, both spoken and/or written
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The app was developed in close collaboration with the Swiss Red Cross (SRC), potential users, and experts to tailor it to the needs of grieving Syrian refugees. The app is designed to serve as a supplementary module for the SRC's Sui app after the completion of this study.
Developed in the Arabic language, the app consists of five chapters, each with several subchapters. These chapters cover various information on grief and grief reactions, tips, audio exercises, case vignettes, explanatory videos, video testimonials, as well as written information on various topics such as resources, the importance of social relationships, and daily structure.
Apart from the ability to read, understand, and write in Arabic, familiarity with using a smartphone, and access to the internet, no special skills or conditions are required for using the app.
The self-help program is available as an app on common iOS and Android devices. The app does not include invasive components or medications. It only provides information and general recommendations for grieving individuals. Users can input data into the app, but the app merely stores this information. The app does not manipulate data with the entered information (e.g., it does not provide personalized recommendations or feedback based on user inputs).
In this study, we aim to determine the feasibility and acceptability of this app for grieving Syrian refugees. Additionally, we want to assess whether there are fewer grief symptoms after using the app. The results of the app will help us further tailor it to the needs of the users. To investigate this, we are recruiting 30 study participants who will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group will use the app for 5 weeks, while the other group will wait for 5 weeks before gaining access to the app. Both groups will complete questionnaires at two measurement points, with the first group also being asked to provide feedback on the app in a brief interview.