Hormone therapy is recommended for five years in all patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, but there is no consensus on its duration in low-risk tumours and especially in postmenopausal women. Adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) is associated with substantial side effects and long-term decreased quality of life.
Moreover, while it has been shown that ET provides a real benefit in reducing the relapse rate over time, the deterioration in quality of life may also have a negative effect on patient adherence to treatment. It is therefore important to offer treatment to women with low-risk cancer less intensive treatment strategies. If recent trials tested longer durations as compared to 5 years for high-risk cancers, older trials have tested shorter durations. The 5-year duration appeared at that time as the gold standard because of optimal benefit-risk ratios of tamoxifen among high-risk patients. However shorter treatments of 2-3 years were already associated with substantial benefits and may be enough for very low risk patients.
Limoges 87042, France
Postmenopausal women: Postmenopausal status is defined by any of the following:
Prior bilateral oophorectomy
Age ≥60 years
Age >50 and <60 years and amenorrheic for at least 12 months, and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol in the postmenopausal range
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
Women with histologically proven invasive unilateral breast cancer Note: In case of a multifocal invasive tumor, all lesions (maximum 3 infiltrating lesions allowed) must be of identical phenotype and low biological risk
M0: Not clinically nor radiologically detectable metastases at time of inclusion
Primary tumor completely resected and adequate axillary surgery performed, according to current standards
IHC expression of the estrogen receptor and/or progesterone receptor ≥50%
HER2 negative according to ASCO criteria in immunohistochemistry and/or genomic analysis (HER2 negativity is defined as IHC 0-1+, or [IHC 2+ and FISH or CISH nonamplified])
No indication of adjuvant chemotherapy
Patient considered has having a luminal A ultralow risk of metastatic recurrence (i.e. less than 5% risk of metastatic relapse at 10 years) according to MammaPrint® and Blueprint® tests.
Note 1: MammaPrint test is indicated for patients with pT1c-2, pN0/pN1mic and grade 2, with no indication of chemotherapy.
Note 2: Up to 80 patients aged ≥65 years and pT1 (tumor ≤20 mm) and pN0 and grade 1 and Ki67 ≤10% will be recruited
Note 3: To be eligible, MammaPrint index score should be > +0.355
Patients eligible to receive or have recently started (with a maximum of 4 months of adjuvant hormone therapy prior to enrollment) an adjuvant hormone therapy (letrozole, anastrozole, or exemestane)
Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests and other study procedures
Patients must be affiliated to a Social Security System (or equivalent)
Patient must have signed a written informed consent form prior to any trial specific procedures. When the patient is physically unable to give their written consent, a trusted person of their choice, independent from the investigator or the sponsor, can confirm in writing the patient's consent.
Patients who received a neo-adjuvant hormone therapy, a neo-adjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy or preoperative medical treatment
Any local or regional recurrence or metastatic disease
Bilateral breast cancer (except in case of contralateral DCIS), or history of other invasive ipsi- or contralateral breast cancer
Patients with a history of another malignancy, except for properly treated cervical carcinoma in situ, and non-melanoma cancer of the skin
Women with high-risk breast cancer predisposing deleterious germline mutations
Contra-indications to the administration of anti-aromatase inhibitors
Patients enrolled in another therapeutic study within 30 days prior to inclusion
Patients with any other disease or illness, which requires hospitalization or is incompatible with the trial treatment
Patients unwilling or unable to comply with trial obligations for geographic, social, physical or psychological reasons, or who are unable to understand the purpose and procedures of the trial
Persons deprived of their liberty or under protective custody or guardianship
Study Contact Info
Contact Listings Owner Form
Deescalation of Endocrine Therapy Duration in Women With HR+ HER2- Breast Cancer at Very Low Risk 0 reviewsWrite Your Review
There are no reviews yet.