Evaluation of a Management Strategy for Second-degree Fibrinous Burns Integrating a Poly-absorbent Dressing

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Description

The management of the local treatment of second-degree burns has an influence on the healing time and thus on the quality of the healing process. Fibrin detersion optimizes epidermization and may reduce the need for skin grafting for moderate fibrinous burns. Optimal treatment at this stage is therefore crucial. Since 1968, silver sulphadiazine ointment dressings have been used in the management of burns to minimize the risk of infection. A recent review of the literature suggests that the use of alternative dressings to silver sulphadiazine ointment, from day 3/4, would have a benefit on wound healing, but highlights the insufficient level of evidence in current studies. This probably explains why the prolonged use of silver sulphadiazine dressings remains the rule in the majority of French centres. In the burns department of Hopital Edouard Herriot, PLASTENAN® ointment was used as a relay to silver sulphadiazine after one week of care to promote the detersion of second-degree fibrinous burns. Following the end of its commercialization in 2014, our nursing team wondered whether an ointment or an equivalent dressing was available. A clinical study on URGOCLEAN® dressing was conducted by another team from our university hospital on the detersion of vascular wounds. Given its positive results,the investigator tested its effectiveness on fibrinous burns. A cohort of 70 patients (2014-2018) was thus set up by our nursing team: this dressing used in fibrinous burns showed a low use of skin grafts (2/70), a median healing time of 20 days and an improvement in the quality of the scar. In 2013, a systematic review by the Cochrane compared seven types of dressings for the treatment of superficial and intermediate burns, but the URGOCLEAN® dressing, marketed in 2013, was not included. Considering these findings, the investigator would like to set up a randomized trial to evaluate a strategy integrating the URGOCLEAN® dressing in the management of second-degree fibrinous burns.

Targeted Conditions

Study Overview

Start Date
January 20, 2023
Completion Date
January 20, 2026
Enrollment
310
Date Posted
April 26, 2022
Accepts Healthy Volunteers?
No
Gender
All

Locations

Full Address
Hôpital Edouard Herriot
Lyon, Rhone 69003, France

Eligibility

Minimum Age (years)
18
Eligibility Criteria
Inclusion Criteria:

Adult patient
2nd degree burn with : Affected body surface between 0.25 et 10% Fibrinous surface between 9 and 156 centimeter/meter square (major axis between 3 and 16 centimeter, minor axis of 3 centimeter minimum) One or more non-contiguous fibrinous surfaces
Exudative wet fibrin
Patient treated with silver sulphadiazine between Day 0 and Day 4
Patient affiliated to a social security scheme
Patient who signed a written consent to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

Facial burn
Known diabetic patient
Patient with severe venous and / or arterial insufficiency (obliterating arteriopathy of the lower limbs stage III and IV)
Allergy to one of the components of the URGOCLEAN® dressing (polyacrylate fibers, carboxymethylcellulose, paraffin oil, petroleum jelly)
Person under guardianship or curators
Patient deprived of liberty
Patient for whom silver sulphadiazine is contraindicated (last trimester of pregnancy, lactating woman, allergy to sulfa drugs)
Patient treated with pre-impregnated interfaces (URGOTUL SAG®, IALUSET+® compresses,..) during initial care between Day 0 and Day 4

Study Contact Info

Study Contact Name
Anne GUIER, Nurse; Laurinne MA, CRA
Study Contact Phone

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Other Details

FDA Regulated Drug?
No
FDA Regulated Device?
No
NCTid (if applicable)
NCT05347654