Single-arm, Single-center, Exploratory Phase II Clinical Study of Envafolimab Combined With Chemoradiotherapy in the Treatment of Locally Advanced pMMR/MSS Rectal Cancer

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Description

Preoperative radiotherapy combined with 5-fluorouracil/capecitabine is currently the standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. Although this strategy effectively reduces the risk of local recurrence, it fails to effectively improve the overall survival rate of patients . The root cause is that 5-fluorouracil/capecitabine based local radiotherapy is not effective in controlling potential micrometastases. Therefore, many studies try to combine preoperative radiotherapy with more intense chemotherapy and targeted drugs at the same time, as well as induction chemotherapy before preoperative radiotherapy and consolidation chemotherapy after, in order to obtain better efficacy. However, a number of studies have shown that increasing cytotoxic drugs fail to effectively improve pathologic complete response rate (pCR) and long-term survival rate, and significantly increase therapeutic toxicity . Therefore, the idea of trying to increase the efficacy of cytotoxic drugs by accumulating them does not work.Based on the use of PD-1/PD-L1 antibody in colorectal cancer and other solid tumors, and referring to the scheme of PD-1/PD-L1 antibody combined with radiotherapy in other solid tumors, we added envafolimab to local radiotherapy for advanced rectal cancer for exploration, with a view to further improving the pCR rate and long-term survival of patients.

Study Overview

Start Date
April 1, 2023
Completion Date
September 30, 2025
Enrollment
35
Date Posted
February 2, 2024
Accepts Healthy Volunteers?
No
Gender
All

Locations

Full Address
Envafolimab
Kunming, Yunnan 650000, China

Eligibility

Minimum Age (years)
18
Maximum Age (years)
75
Eligibility Criteria
Inclusion Criteria:

1) Disease characteristics

Histologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma; Immunohistochemical confirmation as pMMR or/and pCR or/and NGS test as MSS;
Tumor location within 12cm from anal margin;

Locally advanced rectal cancer (stage II-III, i.e. cT3-4 and/or N+) as assessed by the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system (8th edition, 2017);

* Preoperative staging method: pelvic MRI/ transrectal ultrasound combined with preoperative staging.

No signs of intestinal obstruction; Or intestinal obstruction has been relieved after proximal colostomy surgery;
Preoperative chest, abdominal and pelvic CT to exclude distant metastasis. 2) Patient characteristics
Age: 18 ~75 years old;
Activity status score: ECOG 0-1;
Life expectancy: more than 2 years;
Hematology: WBC>3500×106/L; PLT>100000×106/L; Hb>10g/dL;
Liver function: SGOT and SGPT are less than 1.5 times of normal value; Bilirubin less than 1.5mg/dL;
Kidney function: creatinine <1.8mg/dL;
Other: non-pregnant or breastfeeding women; No other malignant disease (other than non-melanoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix) within 5 years or during the same period; Does not have a mental illness that prevents informed consent; There were no other serious diseases associated with shorter survival.
Patients or family members can understand the study protocol and are willing to participate in the study, and sign a written informed consent;

Good patient compliance, voluntary follow-up, treatment, laboratory tests, and other research steps as scheduled.

3) Prior treatment

No previous rectal cancer surgery;
No previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy;
No previous biotherapy;
Previous endocrine therapy: No restriction.

Exclusion Criteria:

CRC for microsatellite highly unstable (MSI-H) or mismatch repair protein expression deficiency (dMMR); Chronic hepatitis B or C with a history or active HIV infection (high copy of viral DNA);

Autoimmune diseases;
Other active clinical serious infections (>NCI-CTC version 3.0);
Stage I patients;
Preoperative evidence of distant metastasis;
Dysfluid, organ function decompensation;
A history of pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy;
Multiple primary cancers;
Patients whose seizures require management (such as steroid or antiepileptic therapy);
A history of other malignancies within 5 years, except for cured cervical carcinoma in situ or skin basal cell carcinoma;
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal obstruction; Substance abuse and medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or the evaluation of the findings;
A known or suspected allergy to the study drug or to any drug administered in connection with this trial;
Any unstable conditions or conditions that may compromise patient safety and compliance

Study Contact Info

Study Contact Name
Yunfeng Li, master; Xuan Zhang, doctoral candidate
Study Contact Phone

Contact Listings Owner Form

Single-arm, Single-center, Exploratory Phase II Clinical Study of Envafolimab Combined With Chemoradiotherapy in the Treatment of Locally Advanced pMMR/MSS Rectal Cancer 0 reviews

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Other Details

FDA Regulated Drug?
No
FDA Regulated Device?
No
Detailed Description
Inclusion criteria:

Disease characteristics • Histologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma; Immunohistochemical confirmation as pMMR or/and pCR or/and NGS test as MSS;

• Tumor location within 12cm from anal margin;

Locally advanced rectal cancer (stage II-III, i.e. cT3-4 and/or N+) as assessed by the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system (8th edition, 2017);

* Preoperative staging method: pelvic MRI/ transrectal ultrasound combined with preoperative staging.

No signs of intestinal obstruction; Or intestinal obstruction has been relieved after proximal colostomy surgery;
Preoperative chest, abdominal and pelvic CT to exclude distant metastasis.

Patient characteristics

• Age: 18 ~75 years old;

Activity status score: ECOG 0-1;
Life expectancy: more than 2 years;
Hematology: WBC>3500×106/L; PLT>100000×106/L; Hb>10g/dL;
Liver function: SGOT and SGPT are less than 1.5 times of normal value; Bilirubin less than 1.5mg/dL;
Kidney function: creatinine <1.8mg/dL;
Other: non-pregnant or breastfeeding women; No other malignant disease (other than non-melanoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix) within 5 years or during the same period; Does not have a mental illness that prevents informed consent; There were no other serious diseases associated with shorter survival.
Patients or family members can understand the study protocol and are willing to participate in the study, and sign a written informed consent;
Good patient compliance, voluntary follow-up, treatment, laboratory tests, and other research steps as scheduled.

Prior treatment • No previous rectal cancer surgery;

• No previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy;

• No previous biotherapy;

• Previous endocrine therapy: No restriction.

Exclusion criteria:

• CRC for microsatellite highly unstable (MSI-H) or mismatch repair protein expression deficiency (dMMR);

• Chronic hepatitis B or C with a history or active HIV infection (high copy of viral DNA);

• Autoimmune diseases;

• Other active clinical serious infections (>NCI-CTC version 3.0);

• Stage I patients;

• Preoperative evidence of distant metastasis;

• Dysfluid, organ function decompensation;

• A history of pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy;

Multiple primary cancers;
Patients whose seizures require management (such as steroid or antiepileptic therapy);
A history of other malignancies within 5 years, except for cured cervical carcinoma insitu or skin basal cell carcinoma;
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal obstruction; Substance abuse and medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or the evaluation of the findings;
A known or suspected allergy to the study drug or to any drug administered in connection with this trial;
Any unstable conditions or conditions that could compromise patient safety and compliance;

Describe the medication or treatment in detail:

1.1 Induction therapy stage (2 cycles of chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy)

1 Envafolimab: 200mg, subcutaneous injection, Q2W, 2 cycles (simultaneous administration on the first day of chemotherapy).

2mFOLFOX6: Q2W, 2 cycles: oxaliplatin 85mg/m2 intravenous infusion for 2h, day 1. Calcium folinate 400mg/m2 intravenous infusion for 2 hours, day 1. Fluorouracil was injected intravenously at 400mg/m2 on day 1, followed by 1200mg/ (m2·d) × 2d with continuous intravenous infusion (total 2400mg/m2, infusion for 46~48h). 1.2 Simultaneous chemoradiotherapy (long-term radiotherapy

Chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy for 3 cycles)

Radiation therapy: 50Gy/25f, 2Gy daily, 5 days a week for 5 weeks.

Body position fixation: prone position, full bladder, body fixator or vacuum bag fixation;

CT scan: Before the scan, intravenous contrast agent was injected to develop the intestine, fill the bladder, empty the intestine, and collect two sets of CT images of plain scan and enhanced phase (only plain scan images can be collected for those allergic to contrast agent).

Radiotherapy equipment: linear accelerator;

Target area and irradiation field: The target area includes the primary rectal area and lymphatic drainage area. The treatment plan is designed by IMRT radiotherapy. The target area coverage and normal tissue limit are determined by the radiotherapy doctor according to the specific conditions of the patient.

2 Capecitabine: 825mg/m2 orally (1650mg/m2/d) twice a day in the morning and evening, 5 days a week, synchronized with radiation therapy, for a total of 25 days.

3 Envafolimab: 200mg, subcutaneous injection, Q2W, 3 cycles (given on day 1, day 15, day 29 of radiotherapy).

1.3 Consolidation treatment stage (2 cycles of chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy)

Envafolimab: 200mg, subcutaneous injection, Q2W, 2 cycles, synchronous administration on the first day of chemotherapy.
mFOLFOX6: Q2W, 2 cycles: oxaliplatin 85mg/m2 intravenous infusion for 2h, day 1. Calcium folinate 400mg/m2 intravenous infusion for 2 hours, day 1. Fluorouracil was injected intravenously at 400mg/m2 on day 1, followed by 1200mg/ (m2·d) ×2d with continuous intravenous infusion (total 2400mg/m2, infusion for 46~48h).
NCTid (if applicable)
NCT06239870