Recent Veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts are presenting in VA care with high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders. Difficulties with social relationships and community reintegration are common functional impairments with these disorders. VA is transforming to a Whole Health, patient-centered system of care that will address these issues as part of health care. In a previous study, Omnis Salutis (OS) was developed with Veteran and clinician input. OS is a three-session intervention in which Veterans learn about Whole Health and practice communicating their health mission to providers and social supports. OS was shown feasible to deliver, acceptable to Veterans, and preliminarily effective at improving physical, mental, and social functioning. This study will use a large, multisite randomized controlled trial to test the impact of OS on Veterans' social and physical functioning and Veteran engagement in mental health care. Results will support broad delivery of OS throughout the VA.
Baltimore, Colorado 21201, United States
Per medical record review:
military service since 2001
Veteran accessed MHC service at designated study site for the first time in the last 6 months OR the first time in the last 6 months after at least a one year gap in mental health care
have a current diagnosis of:
major depressive disorder (296.20-296.23, 296.30-296.33)
social anxiety disorder (300.23)
panic disorder (300.01)
generalized anxiety disorder (300.02)
other specified or unspecified anxiety disorder (300.09, 300.00)
substance use disorders (303.90, 304.00, 304.10, 304.30)
Per medical record review, current diagnosis of a psychotic disorder meeting criteria established by the VA Serious Mental Illness Treatment, Research, and Evaluation Center (SMITREC):
schizophrenic disorders (295.0-295.9)
affective psychoses (296.0-296.1, 296.4-296.8)
major depression with psychotic features (296.24, 296.34)
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Project Background: The term "recent Veterans" refers to Veterans who served in the OIF/OEF/OND military operations. Almost 60% (708,062) of recent Veterans who received VA care have been diagnosed with a mental health disorder, most commonly post-traumatic stress disorder (56%), depressive disorders (45%), anxiety disorders (44%), and substance use disorders (21%). Recent Veterans with stress-related mental health disorders experience impairment in functional domains of health (overcoming and managing disease), purpose (meaningful daily activities and participation in society), and community (positive relationships and social networks). Omnis Salutis is a three-session intervention in which Veterans learn about Whole Health and complete a brief Personal Health Inventory, practice creating and delivering MY MAP (Mission/Aspiration/Purpose) to communicate their health mission consistently to their providers and social supports; and identify both formal and informal healing relationships that support their health mission. Omnis Salutis was shown to be acceptable to and feasible in a previous small randomized controlled trial (n = 48). Additionally, analyses of the relationship between participation in Omnis Salutis and outcomes on the Veterans RAND 36-Item Health Survey found a large effect for Bodily Pain improvement, medium effect size for Social Functioning, small effect sizes for Physical Functioning, Emotional Well-Being, Energy/Fatigue, Role Limitations due to Emotional Problems, and General Health. These results are very promising and support further testing of Omnis Salutis.
Project Objectives: The proposed research will test the efficacy of Omnis Salutis, a brief, Veteran-focused, Whole Health activation intervention, in a randomized controlled trial (n = 238). The primary aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of Omnis Salutis for improving the physical and social functioning of recent Veterans with stress-related disorders. The secondary aim is to evaluate the efficacy of Omnis Salutis for increasing Veteran engagement in care for stress-related disorders. There is an exploratory aim to Evaluate the processes that underlie the relationship between engagement in care and functioning. This study will provide support for Omnis Salutis as an evidence-based practice and for broader dissemination.
Project Methods: The investigators propose a randomized controlled trial in a sample of 238 Veterans with stress-related mental health disorders recruited from four VA medical centers in Maryland, Washington DC, and West Virginia. Veterans will be randomly assigned to receive three sessions of Omnis Salutis or three sessions of an active control, health, and wellness intervention. Both conditions will be delivered via as VA Video Connect (VVC) telehealth platform or telephone. Participants will complete assessments at baseline, 3-month follow-up, 6-month follow-up, and 12-month follow-up timepoints. Analyses will examine differences in change over time between the two intervention conditions.